The most important phase of converting a yarn into a fabric and then turning it into a complete garment is the printing process. Different types of printing techniques are applied on the fabrics depending upon the required results which include screen printing, block printing, heat transfer printing, resist printing and pigment printing
Screen printing has become one of the most common used textile techniques in the last few years because it is a versatile technique and can be used for mass production. A numbers of colors can be added easily using screens of the desired design. Screen printing can be implemented in two ways; flatbed printing and rotary printing.
Block printing is another type of printing but it is rather slow and requires a lot of effort to produce the exact imprint. Blocks are made by carving wood according to the desired design. The paint is applied on the carved wood and then onto the fabric. Different color combinations can be achieved but the process requires a lot of time.
Heat Transfer Printing
This particular technique is one of the most creative techniques because the printing includes transfer of the design from one medium to another. Initially, the design is printed on a special paper and then heat helps to transfer the design onto the fabric. The heat applied on the paper is used to transfer all the colors and details of design from the surface of paper to the fabric.
Another very interesting and creative printing technique is resist printing. In this technique, one can create a design or transfer a particular design on the fabric. A resist agent is applied on the fabric according to the design and then the whole fabric is dyed. The part of the design which you want to dye will remain plain whereas the remaining area will be secured by applying a resist agent. After that, the whole fabric will be dyed in the required colors and the design will be achieved on the fabric.
To create amazing and interesting patterns using oil and water, one should definitely try this technique. Pigments are used instead of dyes which are insoluble but are fixed on the surface of the fabric for its durability. A wide range of bright colors can be produced in this method.